Rosacea - Symptoms & Treatment

Rosacea is a redness and flushing on the face or neck. Rosacea may be transient, recurrent or persistent. Rosacea is a long-term disease that affects the skin and sometimes the eyes. The blood vessels in chin, forehead and the lower half of the nose become enlarge and visible through the skin. Rosacea may begin as a tendency to flush or blush easily, and progress to persistent redness in the center of the face that may gradually involve the cheeks, forehead, chin, and nose.

Symptoms of Rosacea

Rosacea has many symptoms, including the following:

  • Frequent redness (flushing) of the face. Most redness is at the center of the face. There may also be a burning feeling and slight swelling.
  • Stinging and burning sensations.
  • Redness on the face, it has the appearance of sunburn.
  • Damaged and enlarged blood vessel form visible red lines on the face. These lines are known as telangiectasis.
  • Tearing, pain, dry eyes, burning or redness are including in Ocular Rosacea.
  • Sun exposure, consumption of spicy food, alcohol, caffeine, changes in whether or wind.
  • Small red lines under the skin. These lines show up when blood vessels under the skin get larger. This area of the skin may be somewhat swollen, warm, and red.
  • Constant redness along with bumps on the skin.
  • Inflamed eyes/eyelids.
  • A swollen nose. In some people (mostly men), the nose becomes red, larger, and bumpy.
  • Thicker skin. The skin on the forehead, chin, cheeks, or other areas can become thicker because of rosacea.

Causes of Rosacea

Hair follicle mites may be involved in at least some cases, as these are found in greater numbers within rosacea papules. Rosacea happens when blood vessels expand too easily, causing flushing. The listed are follow:

  • Heat (including hot baths)
  • Heavy exercise
  • Sunlight
  • Winds
  • Very cold temperatures
  • Hot or spicy foods and drinks
  • Drinking alcohol
  • Menopause
  • Emotional stress
  • Long-term use of steroids on the face.

Treatment of Rosacea

There are many treatment of rosacea. some treatment are includes are :

  • Use sun blocks such as titanium dioxide or zinc oxide.
  • Tetracycline antibiotics including doxycycline and minocycline reduce inflammation.
  • Metronidazole cream or gel can be used intermittently or long term on its own for mild cases and in combination with oral antibiotics for more severe cases.
  • Oral antibiotics may helpful in relieve from ocular rosacea.
  • Dermatologists often recommend a combination of treatments tailored to the individual patient.
  • Laser treatment also helps to reduce the rosacea.
  • The persistent redness may be treated with a small electric needle or by laser surgery to close off the dilated blood vessels.