Cervical Polyp - Symptoms & Treatment

Cervical Polyp is a projectile growth originating which that start on the surface of the cervix or endocervical canal. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus (womb) and is often called the neck of the womb. Cervical polyp can be associated with Chronic inflammation, increase estrogen levels that the body does not respond well with, or local congestion of cervical blood vessels. Cervical polyps are small, soft, growths that protrude from the mouth of the cervix. Cervical Polyp are very common. They occur most often during pregnancy. Women of any age may have cervical polyps. A polyp that arises from the glandular epithelium of the cervix.

Symptoms of Cervical Polyp

Cervical polyps is very common in the ages of 20 and over who had children. It is fairly common to find one single polyp and in some cases 2 more are found. Large polyps often produce symptoms. When symptoms are present, the most common symptoms are:

  • Bleeding between periods.
  • Abnormal, heavy bleeding during your menstrual cycle.
  • Bleeding after menopause.
  • Discharge, which can be foul-smelling if there is an infection.
  • Abnormally heavy periods (menorrhagia).
  • White or yellow mucous discharge (leukorrhea).
  • Between menstrual periods.
  • After menopause.
  • After douching.

Causes of Cervical Polyp

Cervical Polyp Disease are not related to transmitted diseases but are very rarely related to cancer. Cervical polyps are non-cancerous which can block the cervix and cause problems getting pregnant. The cause of cervical polyps is not well understood, but they are associated with inflammation of the cervix. Only a single polyp is present in most cases, but sometimes two or three are found. They are rare in females who have not started menstruating. They can also result from long-term (chronic) inflammation, an abnormal response to an increase in estrogen levels, or congestion of blood vessels in the cervical canal, the causes of Cervical polyp are:

  • A hormonal imbalance during adolescence or menopause is the most common cause of heavy menstrual bleeding.
  • Uterine fibroid tumors are another very common cause of excessive menstruation.
  • Cervical polyps are small, fragile growths that begin in either the mucosal surface of the cervix, or the endocervical canal and protrude through the opening of the cervix.
  • Endometrial polyps are typically non-cancerous, growths that protrude from the lining of the uterus.

Treatment of Cervical Polyp

Cervical polyps need to be removed which are surgery best treatment options. Polyps can be removed during a simple, outpatient procedure, the main treatment are below :

  • Removal of the polyp. It is done as an outpatient procedure.
  • electrocautery or laser vaporization.
  • Antibiotic therapy is usually prescribed because many polyps are infected.
  • Most cervical polyps are benign, the excised tissue is usually sent to a pathologist for microscopic examination (some cervical cancers may have appeared as a polyp )
  • He or she may put a type of paste on the cervix to control any bleeding.
  • Removal of the polyp's base is done by electrocautery or with a laser.
  • Large polyps and polyp stems that are very broad usually need to be removed in an operating room using local, regional or general anesthesia.