Bartholin Gland Cyst - Symptoms & Treatment
Bartholin Gland Cyst is a women's small area where swollen fluid-filled lump that moistens the outer genital area, or vulva develops from a blockage of one of the Bartholin's glands. The Bartholin glands are two pea-sized organs that are located under the skin in a woman's genital area. Normally they are invisible. The cyst can grow from the size of a dime to larger than a golf ball. The Bartholin's gland can become blocked for a variety of reasons, such as infection, inflammation or long-term irritation.
Symptoms of Bartholin Gland Cyst
Symptoms of an uninfected Bartholin's gland cyst include a painless lump on one side of the vulva area (most common symptom) and redness or swelling in the vulva area. Symptoms of an abscessed Bartholin's gland include a small Bartholin gland cyst is most often symptom-free. However, a large cyst or infection can cause symptoms.
Bartholin gland cyst that is not infected. Symptoms may include:
- A painless lump in the vulva area. It is possible, though unlikely, for both glands to develop cysts at the same time.
- Redness or swelling in the vulva area. A Bartholin gland cyst can swell from 0.25 in. (0.64 cm) up to 3 in. (7.62 cm).
- Discomfort when walking.
Infected Bartholin gland cyst (abscess). Symptoms may include:
- Fever and chills.
- Swelling in the vulva area over a 2- to 4-day period.
- Drainage from the cyst. 2 Drainage may occur 4 to 5 days after the swelling
Causes of Bartholin Gland Cyst
A genital infection, inflammation, or thickened mucus can block a Bartholin duct. There are main causes of Bartholin Gland Cyst are :
- When this happens, fluid builds up inside and creates a Bartholin gland cyst.
- Very rarely a cyst is caused by cancer, which usually occurs only in women over the age of 40. In many cases, the cause of a Bartholin's gland cyst is unknown.
- Most infected cysts, called abscesses contain the normal bacteria that are found on skin.
Treatment of Bartholin Gland Cyst
Treatment of Bartholin Gland Cyst are below listed :
- watchful waiting by the woman and her health care professional
- soaking of the genital area with warm towel compresses
- soaking of the genital area in a sitz bath
- use of non-prescription pain medication to relieve mild discomfort
- incision and drainage, i.e., cutting into the cyst and draining the fluid (not usually successful, as the cyst often reoccurs)
- placement of a drain (Word catheter) in the cyst for two to four weeks so fluid can drain and prevent re-occurrence of the cyst
- window operation
- use of a carbon dioxide laser to open the cyst and heat the cyst wall tissue so that the cyst cannot form a sac and reoccur
- incision and drainage, followed by treatment with silver nitrate to burn the cyst wall so the cyst cannot form a sac and reoccur
- removal of the entire Bartholin's gland cyst