Dysmenoeehea - Symptoms & Treatment
Dysmenoeehea is a painful menstrual periods. It can be developed every month for few days and disrupt the other activities. Dysmenoeehea is the most common gynecologic complaint and a leading cause of absenteeism from school (affecting 10% of high school girls each month) and work (an estimate of 140 million work hours lost annually). The incidence peaks in women in their early 20s and then slowly decreases. There are two types of Dysmenoeehea are Primary dysmenorrhea and Secondary dysmenorrhea.
Symptoms of Dysmenoeehea
Symptoms of Dysmenoeehea is experience abdomen pain and severe pain in thighs and backs. Dysmenorrhea can occur as a primary disorder or secondary to an underlying disease. Because primary dysmenorrhea is self-limiting, the prognosis is generally good. The prognosis for secondary dysmenorrhea depends on the underlying disease. In case of primary dysmenorrhea, women may be felt menstrual cramps within three years after started menstrual periods. Sometimes patients have symptoms as sweating, nausea, loose stools, vomiting and dizziness. Dysmenorrhea may also be associated with signs and symptoms that suggest premenstrual syndrome including:
- urinary frequency
- abdominal bloating
- painful breasts
Causes of Dysmenoeehea
Possible symptoms of dysmenorrhea include sharp, intermittent. cramping. lower abdominal pain, there are many causes of Dysmenoeehea some causes are following listed:
- Excessive stress
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Family history
- Ovarian cysts
- Premenstrual syndrome
- Difficulty in concentration
- Having multiple partners
- Use of an intrauterine device
- Uterine polyps
- cervical stenosis
- uterine leiomyomas (benign fibroid tumors)
- pelvic inflammatory disease
- pelvic tumors.
Treatment of Dysmenoeehea
Antibiotics and surgery are effective to remove polyps and treat infection. OTC nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug such as ibuprofen, aspirin or naproxen will be suggested by the health care providers. Initial treatment aims to relieve pain and may include:
- analgesics. such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, for mild to moderate pain (most effective when taken 24 to 48 hours before onset of menses) - especially effective due to inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis through inhibition of the enzyme cyclooxygenase
- cyclooxygenase (COX)- 2-specific inhibitors, which recently have been used to relieve the pain of dysmenorrhea
- opioids for severe pain (rarely used). prostaglandin inhibitors (such as mefenamic add and ibuprofen to relieve pain by decreasing the severity of uterine contractions
- heat applied locally to the lower abdomen (may relieve discomfort in mature women), used cautiously in young adolescents because appendicitis may mimic dysmenorrhea.
- You should do exercise daily.
- You should take more and more rest.
- You can manage self-care strategies.
- You can use a heat pad.
- You can changes in your lifestyles to improve health.
- You should avoid sugar, caffeine and alcohol.
- You can eat eggs and fish.