Adenomyosis - Symptoms & Treatment

Adenomyosis is also known as Amenorrhea which is a serious health problem of women that consist of medical condition characterized by the presence of ectopic endometrial tissue which normally lines the uterus, extends into the fibrous and muscular tissue of the uterus. Absence of menstruation is known as Amenorrhea. There are two types of Amenorrhea –primary and secondary. This disease may coexist with external endometriosis in which endometrial implants are located outside the uterus. When that gland tissue undergoes growth during the menstrual cycle and then subsequent sloughing, the old tissue and blood cannot get out of the muscle and flow out of the cervix as part of normal menses. This is most likely to happen late in your childbearing years and after you've had children.

Symptoms of Adenomyosis

The main symptom of this disease is no menstrual periods. Other symptoms of Amenorrhea are :

  • Excessive menstrual bleeding; heavy or prolonged
  • Severe cramping or sharp, knife-like pain during menstruation (dysmenorrhea)
  • Menstrual cramps that last throughout your period and worsen as you get older
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Passing blood clots during your period.
  • The uterus is often 2-3 times the normal size
  • Painful menstruation
    • New onset of menstrual cramping
    • Becomes increasingly worse
  • headache, discharge of milky nipple, hair loss, and increase in facial hair or vision changes.

Causes of Adenomyosis

The main cause of adenomyosis is manly womens problen when wall in the may stop the blood from cervix and uterus known. The disease usually occurs in women older than 30 who have borne children and rarely occurs in women who have not carried a pregnancy to term. The most widely accepted theory of adenomyosis development postulates that the barrier between the endometrium and myometrium, which normally prevents invasion of endometrial glands and stroma into the myometrium, is compromised allowing invasion to occur. The causes of Adenomyosis may be difined as primary Amenorrhea and secondary Amenorrhea which are :

Causes of Primary amenorrhea-

  • Hypothalamus is the area in brain that regulates menstrual periods. Eating disorders, more exercise and psychological stress can be affected the hypothalamus.
  • Pituitary gland also regulate the menstrual periods

Causes of secondary amenorrhea-

  • pregnancy is the main cause of secondary amenorrhea.
  • psychological stress is also cause of secondary amenorrhea.
  • Thyroid commonly causes of irregular of menstrual periods
  • medications such as antipsychotic, antidepressants and chemotherapy drugs may causes of amenorrhea.

Treatment of Adenomyosis

Treatment depends on causes of primary and secondary amenorrhea. Usually the only treatment is pain medication (analgesics). Most treatment attempts with hormones have been unsuccessful.

  • A hysterectomy may be necessary in women with severe symptoms who are not approaching menopause.
  • containing progestin or a continuous-use birth control pill, often leads to amenorrhea — the absence of your menstrual periods — which may provide relief.
  • Oral contraceptives will be recommended by the doctor to treat the amenorrhea.
  • If heavy bleeding rather than menstrual cramps is the main symptom of adenomyosis, then endometrial ablation should be considered as a treatment.

Prevention Tips

  • You should maintain health lifestyle.
  • You should take balanced diet.
  • You should decrease your stress level.
  • You should take more and more rest.